The central area of Takayama city was developed as a castle and merchant town in the Edo period (1603 to 1868).
The streets which retain the atmosphere of the Edo period are preserved as a National Important Preservation District for Traditional Buildings.
Machiya (old townhouses) from the late 19th to the early 20th century, as well as sake breweries, handicraft and gift shops, and cafes can be enjoyed in this quaint part of the city. Each spring and fall, Takayama Festival, one of the three most beautiful festivals in Japan, takes place in this area.
In the spring, the contrast between the red Nakabashi Bridge and the cherry blossoms are beautiful, making it a popular photo spot.